(Windows XP Home, Media and Professional)
To disable or
enable Windows Services, first you must know what they are. For our
purposes, services are programs that run in the background and do not
display an icon in the system tray. Therefore you might be totally unaware
they're running. But they are, and all running programs (including services)
use system resources. If you don't need something, a program or a service,
you should turn it off to save system resources.
You can disable or
enable services by clicking "Start" "Run" and typing in "services.msc"
(without the quotes) or clicking "Start" "Control Panel" "Administrative
Tools" "Services". Do you you want a description of each service? While in
the Services dialog, click "File" "Export" and save the file with whatever
name you want - to your desktop or other folder where you can easily find
When you find a
service you want to disable, right-click the service and choose
"Properties". In the Properties dialog select "Manual" from the Startup Type
drop-down list. From now on the service won't startup with Windows, but you
have the option to start it manually via the Services dialog. If you to
completely disable the service so it will not run at all - every - choose
"Disabled". To see what would happen if you turned off a service before you
actually "disable" it, you turn off any service immediately by clicking
:Stop The Service" in the left pane, or by right-clicking on the service and
choosing "Stop". You can then restart it by right-clicking it and choosing
"Start". Using the "Stop" feature is a good way to test the affects of
stopping a service before completely disabling it or preventing it from
auto-starting with Windows. If stopping the service has an adverse affect on
your computer, all you need to do is right-click the service and choose
The following is a
list of Services found in Windows XP. To increase system performance by
increasing the amount of system resources you have available, you can
disable some of the services running in the background that you don't
nee. The items marked in BLUE should not be
disabled unless you have a particular reason to do so.
description of each and if you don't need it, you can disable that
particular service. Any service you disable can be re-enabled as well. So if
you disable a service you should not have :-) you can "turn it back on" by
each service were provided from Microsoft (Windows Services in "Computer
Alerter - Sends
alert messages to users that are connected to the server computer.
Automatic Updates -
Enables the download and installation of Windows updates. If this
service is disabled, this computer will not be able to use the Automatic
Updates feature or the Windows Update Web site..
Management - Permits applications to tap directly into the Add/Remove
Programs feature via the Windows Installer technology.
Transfer Service - The Background Intelligent Transfer service is
used by Windows Auto Update and should not be disabled.
Enables ClipBook Viewer to store information and share it with remote
computers. If the service is stopped, ClipBook Viewer will not be able
to share information with remote computers. If this service is disabled,
any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
Computer Browser - Maintains an
updated list of computers on the network and supplies this list to
computers designated as browsers. If this service is stopped, this list
will not be updated or maintained. If this service is disabled, any
services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
DHCP Client - Manages
network configuration by registering and updating IP addresses and DNS
names. Started Automatic Local System
Service - Allows error reporting for services and applications running
in non-standard environments. Started Automatic Local System
Fast User Switching -
Windows XP allows users to switch between users without rebooting.
Help and Support -
Allows Windows XP's Built-in Help and Support Center to function.
CD-Burning COM Service - Not needed if you have other software to you
use to burn CDs. In other words if you have a program like Nero Burning
ROM you can disable this service.
Service - Allows indexing of and displays the contents and properties of
files on local and remote computers
IP SEC -
Manages IP security policy and starts the IP security driver. If you are
not on a domain you probably don't need this.
Logical Disk Manager
- Detects and monitors new hard disk drives and sends disk volume
information to Logical Disk Manager Administrative Service for
configuration. If this service is stopped, dynamic disk status and
configuration information may become out of date. If this service is
disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
Transmits net send and Alerter service messages between clients and
servers. This service is not related to Windows Messenger. If
this service is stopped, Alerter messages will not be transmitted. If
this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will
fail to start.
Net Logon - If
you are not on a domain, you don't need this.
Network DDE -
Provides network transport and security for Dynamic Data Exchange (DDE)
for programs running on the same computer or on different computers. If
this service is stopped, DDE transport and security will be unavailable.
If this service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it
will fail to start.
NT LM Security
Support Provider - Provides security to remote procedure call (RPC)
programs that use transports other than named pipes.
Logs and Alerts - Collects performance data from local or remote
computers based on preconfigured schedule parameters, then writes the
data to a log or triggers an alert. If you don't' monitor your
performance logs, you don't need this.
Serial Number - Gets the the serial number of any portable music device
that is connected to your system.
QOS RSVP -
Provides setup functionality for network signaling and local traffic
control QoS-aware applications and applets.
Help Session Manager - Manages and controls Remote Assistance. If you
don't use Remote Desktop you don't need this.
- Enables users on other computers on the network to modify registry
settings on your computer.
Remote Access - Offers routing services on local area and wide area
networks. Also allows access by dial-in.
Secondary Login -
Allows you to run applications as another user.
Security Center -
Checks status of Firewall, Anti-Virus, and Anti-Spyware apps.
Smart Card - Manages
smart card access by the computer.
Smart Card Helper -
Enables support for non-plug and play smart-card readers.
Notification - (Used by numerous applications)
Service - (Required by Windows XP System Restore)
Service - Provides for discovery of UPnP devices on your network.
Helper Enables support for NetBIOS over TCP/IP (NetBT) service and
Enables a user on the network to log on to your computer and run
programs, and supportsTelnet clients. If you don't use Telnet and don't
even know what it is - you don't need this service.
Power Supply Service - Manages an uninterruptible power supply (UPS)
connected to the computer. If you don't have one of these, you don't
need this service.
Universal Plug and Play Device Host
- Provides support Universal Plug and Play devices
- Manages file transfers between clients and servers on a network.
Copy Service - Manages and implements Volume Shadow Copies used for
Web Client - Enables Windows-based programs to create, access, and
modify Internet-based files. If this service is stopped, these functions
will not be available.
Windows Audio -
Manages audio devices for Windows-based programs. If this service is
stopped, audio devices and effects will not function properly. If this
service is disabled, any services that explicitly depend on it will fail
Windows Installer -
Adds, modifies, and removes applications provided as a Windows Installer
(*.msi) package. If this service is disabled, any services that
explicitly depend on it will fail to start.
Connection Sharing (ICS) - Provides network address translation,
addressing, name resolution and/or intrusion prevention services for a
home or small office network. If you share a connection or use Windows
Firewall do not disable this service.
Windows Time -
Maintains date and time synchronization on all clients and servers in
the network. If this service is stopped, date and time synchronization
will be unavailable. If this service is disabled, any services that
explicitly depend on it will fail to start
Configuration - Allows automatic configuration for wireless 802.11
Adapter - Provides information about the performance library from WMI
Don't forget! Items
in BLUE should not be disabled unless
you have a really good reason for disabling them or you're an advanced user
and know exactly what you're doing. But, if you make a mistake you can go
back to the Services dialog and "Restart" any service that you need in order
for your computer to run properly.
Also please note
your anti-virus, anti-spyware, firewall and other applications you've
installed which are specific to your computer might show as services. If so
they are necessary services and should not be disabled.
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All content is copyright ©2006
Cloudeight Internet LLC. Descriptions of individual Windows Services
provided by Microsoft (copyright ©Micrsoft) and are accessible by all
Windows XP users from Computer Management/Services/Export.